Patriots > Social and Religious Reformers > Sane Pandurang Sadashiv (Sane guruji )
Sane Pandurang Sadashiv (Sane guruji) (1899-1950)
Sane Guruji was born at Palgad in the Dapoli taluka in the Ratnagiri district of Maharashtra, in a poor Chitpavan Brahmin family. He passed the matriculation examination in 1918, his B.A. in 1922 and M.A. in 1924 from the Bombay University.

His mother’s influence on him was most predominant. Daily she preached to her children to be true, honest, obedient, God-fearing and self-sacrificing for the benefit of others. He had studied the Hindu Scriptures, Sanskrit books on Philosophy, and the works of the Maharashtra saints, of Ramakrishna Paramahansa, Vivekananda and Tagore, of Tolstoy, Carlyle, Ruskin and the other well-known nineteenth century English writers. He was attracted by Gandhiji’s philosophy and life, and decided to follow his teachings.

He joined the Tatvadnyaana Mandir, Amalner, Dhulia district, in 1923 and became a teacher in the Pratap High School in 1924. He resigned his post in 1930 to enter public life.

He participated in the Civil Disobedience Movement (1930), was arrested and sentenced to fifteen months’ imprisonment. The years 1932-33 he spent in the Dhulia and Nasik jails. Once again from August 1940, he served a jail term of two years for having made a fiery speech against the Government at a Youth Conference held at Chandavad in Nasik district. In between, he was holding literacy classes, especially for Hindi, selling Khadi, collecting funds for the Congress and for providing relief to the families of those who had participated in the political movement and some of whom had died in Police firings.

He undertook several fasts-in 1941 to urge the workers of Amalner to keep away from the Communists and join the Congress, in 1946 to force the priests of the Vithoba Temple at Pandharpur to throw open the temple to the Harijans, in

February 1948 to pacify the public against the Brahmins in Maharashtra aroused by Gandhiji’s assassination by a Brahmin youth, and in December 1949 to force the Congress Government to cancel the orders prohibiting students from participating in political activities. In 1947 he also organised a campaign in Bombay to clean the slum areas.

He stood for a reformed Hinduism, and as such for the abolition of caste and untouchability.
He advocated National Education with an emphasis on character building of the students with a view to making them nationally conscious.

He opposed regionalism which bred rivalry between the States. In fact, he evolved a scheme of an Antar Bharati School to be established at some centre in India with branches in all the States, the object of which would be to study the language, customs, traditions, arts crafts, folk songs, dances, etc., of another State, and thus achieve national integration.

In 1939, in Amalner, he started a Marathi weekly, the Congress, which was suppressed by the Government. In 1948 he started the Sadhana in Poona and Bombay, to preach economic, social and religious brotherhood and equality through the socialistic ideology.
Similarly, he made extensive use of the public platform to spread the message of the Congress, and later on his Socialistic ideas.Sane Guruji has written about 200 books in Marathi, out of which about 150 have been published, the most popular being ‘Shyam’ and ‘Shamchi Aai’.

He was a staunch follows of the Congress till 1947 when he joined the Congress Socialist Party. He was a bachelor and led an ascetic, quiet life. His is an outstanding example of a selfless life dedicated to political and social service.

Author : V.G.Hatalkar