Indian peacock, Pavo cristatus (Linnaeus), the national
bird of India, is a colourful, swan-sized bird with a
fan-shaped crest of feathers on its head, a white patch
under the eye and a long-slender neck.The male of the
species is more colourful than the
with a glistening blue breast and neck and a spectacular
bronze-green tail of around 200 elongated feathers. The
female is brownish, slightly smaller than the male and
lacks the tail. The elaborate courtship dance of the male
by fanning out the tail and quivering the feathers is
a gorgeous sight.
The peacock is widely found in the Indian sub-continent
from the south and east of the Indus river, Jammu and
Kashmir, east to Assam, south to Mizoram and the whole
of the Indian peninsula. The peacock enjoys full protection
under the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.