Bose was born at Habibpur village, a few miles
from district town of Midnapur (Bengal). His father,
Trailokyanath was a revenue collector in Narajol
Raj estate. His mother, Lakshmipriya Debi, died
when he was only six years old and his father
a year later. He had three elder sisters of whom
the eldest, Aparupa Roy, brought him up at her
home in village Hatgachhia in Daspur Police Station.
Kshudiram had his primary education at the
village school. He then joined Hamilton School
at Tamluk in 1901 and later Midnapur Collegiate
School in 1903, where he read upto the 3rd class,
equivalent to the present class VIII standard.
Though meritorious he took less interest in
studies than in juvenile pranks and adventures.
He often stood against justice of all sorts
and was ready to avenue unjust conduct, whoever
might be its victim.
The great agitation against the partition of
Bengal in1905 affected even small school children.
A classmate asked Kshudiram if he could lay
down his life for the countrys cause.
On his affirmative reply, the former advised
him to meet a youth leader, Satyen Bose, who
later achieved martyrdom by shooting down inside
prison an approver, Naren Goswami. Kshudirams
demeanor impressed Satyen, who chose him for
national service. Kshudiram left school and
was housed in Satyens handloom factory,
which was, in fact, a loading for voluntary
workers for the movement.
There they were given physical, moral and
political education and were to read the Gita
and other religious books and literature, like
the lives of Mazzini and Garibaldi, the history,
the history of the French Revolution and of
the American War of Independence. They also
secretly learnt revolver-shooting. The anti-partition
agitation included a campaign of boycott of
British goods. Kshudiram found adventure in
burning cloth of British manufacture and sinking
boats carrying salt imported from Britian.
He helped Satyen in running the Chhatrabhandar',
an emporium for countrymade goods. Simultaneously
the local organisation would undertake all kinds
of humanitarian service. Kshudiram took an outstanding
part in the Kasai Flood relief work.
In an agriculture -cum-industrial exhibition
in 1906 at Midnapur,
Kshudiram, while distributing Sonar
Bangla", a sedius leaflet, a policeman
caught him. Kshuditam gave him some blows inflecting
bleeding wound and ran. The Policeman pursued,
Satyen intervened and rescued Kshudiram on a
false Plea. It cost Satyen his small job at
the Collectors office. He cared little.
Kshudiram was prosecuted but was let off in
consideration of immature age. Next year in
a political conference at Midnapur, Satyen demonstrated
against the moderate politics of Surendranath
Banerjee, the undisputed leader of the day.
Kshudiram took a prominent part in the demonstration.
In 1908, Barindra Kumar Ghosh, one of the leaders
of the Jugantar group, decided to send Prafulla
Chaki to Muzaffarpur to put to death Kingsford,
who had, as Chief Presidency Magistrate at Calcutta
earlier, rendered himself odious to the entire
people of Bengal by his terroristic methods
of suppressing the nationalist movement. Hemchandra
Das Kanango, a revolutionary leader of Midnapur
and a Colleague of Barindra Kumat Ghosh, at
the last moment persuaded Barin to let Kshudiram
accompany Prafulla Chaki.
The two boys watched the movement of Kingsford,
now transfered to Muzaffarpur as Sessions Judge.
Their plan was to plant themselves under the
dark shadow of a large tree before the European
Club gate and to bomb his carriage when it came
out late in the evening. But an identical looking
carriage defeated their purpose. The carriage
was smashed, killing two ladies. The incident
took place on 30 April 1908.
Nightlong search traced Kshudiram at the Waini
Railway Station next morning. A scuffle with
policemen resulted in Kshudirams revolver
slipping off his person. The Jugantar groups
programme then was to arouse the nation mainly
by striking acts of self-immolation manifesting
unflinching courage. In accordance with that
programme, Kshudiram took upon himself the entire
responsibly for having thrown the bomb but refused
to disclose the identity of his associate or
any other secret.
He received death sentence with a welcoming
smile and refused to appeal. He became known
as Indias first martyr, as he was the
first to die on the gallows in the freedom struggle.
August 11, 1908, the day of his execution, was
and is still observed accordingly all over the